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Government of Vietnam: Essential information that you need to know

24/01/2024 9.998

The Government of Vietnam plays a crucial role in shaping the nation's development. With its policies and initiatives, the Government in Vietnam strives to create a prosperous and harmonious society, ensuring the well-being of Vietnamese citizens.

Government of Vietnam

The Government of Vietnam serves as the executive body of the National Assembly. The Government carries out many functions and duties to ensure effective governance and national development. This article will give you essential information about the Vietnamese Government including its type, structure, role, etc.

1. What type of Government does Vietnam have?

Vietnam is a socialist republic governed by a single-party system under the leadership of the Communist Party. It is organized on the principles of democratic centralism and is subject to Vietnamese law and constitution. The people supervise the actions of the party and the party depends on their contribution to strengthen it. So, the type of the Government of Vietnam is a socialist state.

Government of Vietnam

2. Role and structure of the Government of Vietnam 

The Vietnamese Government functions as the executive body of the National Assembly, exercises its executive powers, and serves as the supreme administrative authority of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam.

The Government structure of Vietnam is determined by the National Assembly. The Vietnamese Government consists of four main members, which are the Prime Minister, the Deputy Prime Ministers, the Ministers, and heads of ministerial-level organizations.

As the head of the Government of Vietnam, the Prime Minister will take responsibility before the National Assembly and report on the activities and assigned duties of the Government to the National Assembly, the National Assembly Standing Committee, and the country's President.

The Deputy Prime Ministers will assist the Prime Minister in doing his required duties and are accountable before the Prime Minister. In case the Prime Minister is absent, one of the Deputies who is designated by him assumes to direct the Government's operations.

The Ministers and heads of ministerial-level organizations are personally responsible to the Prime Minister, the Government, and the National Assembly for their specific sectors. They also share collective accountability for the Government's activities with other Government members.

Government of Vietnam

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3. Duties and authorities of the Government of Vietnam

  • Organize the implementation of the National Assembly's constitutions, resolutions, and laws, the National Assembly Standing Committee's resolutions and ordinances, and the President's decrees and decisions
  • Formulate and propose policies, draft laws, state budgets, draft ordinances, and other projects.
  • Exercise comprehensive management over the economy, culture, society, healthcare, education, etc.
  • Implement necessary measures for national protection and the citizens’ safety
  • Propose creating, removing, or reorganizing ministries
  • Propose establishing or adjusting boundaries of provinces and centrally-run cities
  • Manage the national bureaucracy, including cadres, civil servants, and public services
  • Conduct inspections, handle complaints, fight corruption, direct ministries, and provide guidelines to the People's Committees
  • Protect the rights and interests of the State, society, and citizens; maintain social order and security
  • Negotiate and finalize international treaties on behalf of the State, as authorized by the President
  • Protect the interests of the State and Vietnamese entities and citizens abroad
  • Collaborate with the Central Committee of the Vietnam Fatherland Front and socio-political organizations in carrying out its duties and authorities
Government of Vietnam

4. Things to know about the 15th Government of Vietnam (2021 - 2026)

4.1. Who is the current head of the Government of Vietnam?

The 15th Government of Vietnam consists of a Prime Minister, 4 Deputy Prime Ministers, 18 ministers, 4 heads of ministerial-level organizations, the Government Inspector General, and the Minister-Chairman of the Government Office.

The Prime Minister of the current Government of Vietnam is Mr. Pham Minh Chinh. The Deputy Prime Ministers include Mr. Le Minh Khai, Mr. Le Van Thanh, Mr. Tran Hong Ha, and Mr. Tran Luu Quang.

Government of Vietnam

4.2. Other cabinet members of the current Government of Vietnam 

Minister of National Defense

Mr. Phan Van Giang

Minister of Public Security

Mr. To Lam

Minister of Foreign Affairs

Mr. Bui Thanh Son

Minister of Justice

Mr. Le Thanh Long

Minister of Finance

Mr. Ho Duc Phoc

Minister of Industry and Trade

Mr. Nguyen Hong Dien

Minister of Labor, Invalids and Social Affairs

Mr. Dao Ngoc Dung

Minister of Transportation

Mr. Nguyen Van Thang

Minister of Construction

Mr. Nguyen Thanh Nghi

Minister of Information and Communications

Mr. Nguyen Manh Hung

Minister of Education and Training

Mr. Nguyen Kim Son

Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development

Mr. Le Minh Hoan

Minister of Planning and Investment

Mr. Nguyen Chi Dung

Minister of Home Affairs

Ms. Pham Thi Thanh Tra

Minister of Health

Ms. Dao Hong Lan

Minister of Science and Technology

Mr. Huynh Thanh Dat

Minister of Culture, Sports and Tourism

Mr. Nguyen Van Hung

Minister of Natural Resources and Environment

Mr. Tran Hong Ha

Minister-Chairman of the Government Office

Mr. Tran Van Son

Government Inspector General

Mr. Doan Hong Phong

Acting Governor of the State Bank of Vietnam

Mr. Do Que Luong

Governor of the State Bank of Vietnam

Ms. Nguyen Thi Hong

Minister-Chairman of the Committee for Ethnic Minorities Affairs

Mr. Hau A Lenh


Government of Vietnam

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5. Where is the Government Office in Vietnam? How does it function?

The Government Office in Vietnam is located at No. 1, Hoang Hoa Tham Street, Ba Dinh District, Hanoi. It plays a crucial role in supporting the Government and the Prime Minister. Its key responsibilities include:

  • Organize collaborative endeavors within the Government
  • Assist the Prime Minister in leadership and operational functions across various administrative levels
  • Ensure information transparency for governmental administration, disseminating public information following legal provisions
  • Ensure the necessary infrastructure and technical prerequisites for the Government and Prime Minister's activities

If you are planning to come to Vietnam, remember to check out the best time to visit Vietnam to explore the country's top destinations such as Phu Quoc, Nha Trang, Hoi An, Da Nang, and Ha Long. Here, you can immerse yourself in stunning beauty, rich history, and warm hospitality for an unforgettable Vietnam travel experience.

Government of Vietnam

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Government of Vietnam


Government of Vietnam

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In conclusion, the Government of Vietnam holds a vital role in the development of the country. With its structure, functions, and authorities, the government ensures the implementation of laws, formulates policies, manages the economy, protects rights, and maintains social order.

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