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Ba Dinh Square: The witness of many important historical events of Vietnam

01/12/2022 5.438

Ba Dinh Square, the largest square in Vietnam, is where many important national historical events in modern history took place. This national landmark is a top-listed attraction in every Hanoi tour.

Ba Dinh Square

During your Hanoi travel journey, besides enjoying exquisite Vietnamese traditional food, visiting Ba Dinh Square should be one of the top activities on your bucket list. This landmark has been present for all the ups and downs of the nation ever since President Ho Chi Minh proclaimed the Declaration of Independence of Vietnam in 1945. This article will provide you with interesting information about this significant Hanoi historical site

1. About Ba Dinh Square Hanoi Vietnam

Ba Dinh Square, situated in front of the well-known Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum, is one of the most popular historical relic sites in Hanoi. It has witnessed many significant events in Vietnamese history.

1.1. Location

Ba Dinh Square is located on Hung Vuong Street, Ba Dinh District, Hanoi. This is also the location of a large complex of historical and cultural sites, known as Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum Complex. The Office of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Vietnam lies to the north of the square, while the headquarters of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs is to the south, Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum is to the west, and Ba Dinh Hall is to the east.

Ba Dinh Square

Ba Dinh Square is 320 meters long and 100 meters wide and can accommodate 200,000 people. It is made up of 210 grass squares connected by wide pathways.

If you want to visit Ba Dinh Square, there are some popular means of transport to choose from, including public buses, motorbikes, taxis, and private cars. 

If you have a vehicle, parking is available at the entrance of Ho Chi Minh Museum. If you want to take the bus, you can catch buses number 09, 34, 22. They all make a stop on Le Hong Phong Street, which is only a short walk away from Ba Dinh Square.

1.2. History

  • Ba Dinh Square in the feudal age 

In 1808, during the reign of King Gia Long, Thang Long Imperial Citadel was renovated into a new smaller citadel. Ba Dinh Square was formerly a western section of this citadel, which was later named “Hanoi” by King Minh Mang.

  • Ba Dinh Square in the French colonial period

The area of Ba Dinh Square became vacant land after the French destroyed the citadel when they took control of all of Indochina in 1894. French architects planned this location to be the Indochinese Federation's administrative hub. On this ground, a flower garden was built, called Le Parc Pugininer.

  • Ba Dinh Square in the period of Independence

In 1945, when the Vietnamese took back control of the city, the French names of numerous locations and streets in Hanoi were changed into Vietnamese by Mayor Tran Van Lai. The Le Parc Pugininer garden was renamed Ba Dinh Square, in honor of a resistance army who fought against French colonists in Ba Dinh, Thanh Hoa Province (1886-1887).

After that, the name was changed several times to Independence Square or Hong Bang Garden before President Ho Chi Minh decided to keep the name “Ba Dinh”.

Ba Dinh Square

2. Top 5 places to visit in Hanoi Vietnam near Ba Dinh Square

Ba Dinh Square, located at the center of Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum Complex, is unquestionably a must-see attraction in Hanoi. Coming to the square, you can also visit many nearby historical and cultural landmarks:

2.1. Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum

Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum is a work of great significance, demonstrating the profound affection that Vietnamese people have for President Ho Chi Minh, the renowned revolutionary hero and the founder of the Communist Party of Vietnam. It is situated in front of Ba Dinh Square. The precise address is No. 2, Hung Vuong Street, Dien Bien Ward, Ba Dinh District.

Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum is a solid square building with a height of 21.6 meters and a width of 41.2 meters. The mausoleum's structure is built to be extremely durable, capable of withstanding floods, bombings, and magnitude-7 earthquakes.

Ba Dinh Square

2.2. Ho Chi Minh Museum

Ho Chi Minh Museum is dedicated to the life and career of President Ho Chi Minh. It displays artifacts, photos, dioramas, and pop-art illustrations and paintings to tell the story of Ho Chi Minh's life at various stages, from the day he was born until the day he passed away.

Ba Dinh Square

2.3. Presidential Palace

Presidential Palace is part of the Presidential Palace Historical Site complex, which is where President Ho Chi Minh lived and worked from December 19, 1954 to September 2, 1969. The Presidential Palace was built between 1900 and 1906 as the residence of the Governor-General of French Indochina. Designed in the European style, this was the most luxurious building at the time, having taken approximately 7 years to build.

Ba Dinh Square

2.4. Uncle Ho's stilt house

After the end of the war against the French in 1954, President Ho Chi Minh returned to Hanoi. He refused to live in the opulent Presidential Palace. Instead, he lived and worked in a small house by a pond. The house is mostly supported by wooden stilts. Inside, his items can be seen everywhere. The surrounding area is full of plants, creating an enchanting and peaceful airy space. Visitors can see Uncle Ho's greatness and simplicity by visiting this place.

Ba Dinh Square

2.5. One Pillar Pagoda

One Pillar Pagoda is well-known for its beautiful architecture and historical significance. The pagoda's structure is said to represent a lotus flower growing out of water. The lotus flower, also known as the flower of dawn, is a symbol of purity, serenity, commitment, and optimism for the future. Locals frequently come here to pray for happiness, success, and good fortune. If you are interested in Buddhist architecture, One Pillar Pagoda is a must-see Hanoi tourist attraction.

Ba Dinh Square

Besides, there are so many Hanoi landmarks that you should take your time to visit, such as Hoan Kiem Lake, Hanoi Old Quarter, Hanoi Opera House, Presidential Palace, etc. Moreover, you should also visit VinKE & Vinpearl Aquarium, which are both located in Vincom Mega Mall Times City and widely regarded as the most appealing attractions in the city for young families and teenagers. 

Ba Dinh Square

At Vinpearl Aquarium, you can immerse in a colorful world of the mysterious ocean. This place has set numerous records and is now home to almost 30,000 sea creatures. Meanwhile, VinKE is an ideal place for children to try their dream jobs while having fun with their parents.

>>> Book tickets of VinKE & Vinpearl Aquarium to have an interesting and memorable experience with your whole family!

3. Essential notes for your upcoming trip to Ba Dinh Square

  • The daily flag raising ceremonies take place at 6.00 am (from April to October) or 6.30 am (from November to March)
  • The daily flag lowering ceremonies take place at 9.00 pm
  • Do not litter and do not step on the grass at the square
  • It is is completely free to enter Ba Dinh Square

Ba Dinh Square is an exceptionally important historical site in Hanoi, having witnessed the country's many ups and downs. If you are planning a trip to Vietnam's capital city, make sure to include this location in your itinerary!

>>> Book tickets of VinKE & Vinpearl Aquarium to have more memorable experiences with your family!

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